A systematic review of dietary data collection methodologies for diet diversity indicators

Front Nutr. 2024 Mar 21:11:1195799. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2024.1195799. eCollection 2024.


The purpose of the current study was to critically assess the gaps in the existing methodologies of dietary data collection for diet diversity indicators. The study proposed the importance of smartphone application to overcome the drawbacks. The review paper identified and assessed the conventional methodologies used in diet diversity indicators including Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women (MDD-W), Minimum Dietary Diversity of Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices (IYCF-MDD), and Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS). The 80 research studies from 38 countries were critically assessed on the basis of their research aim, study design, target audience, dietary data collection methodology, sample size, dietary data type, dietary data collection frequency, and location point of dietary data collection. Results indicated that most studies employed interviewer-administered 24-h recall assessing the dietary diversity. The review paper concluded that smartphone application had potential to overcome the identified limitations of conventional methodologies including recall bias, social-desirability bias, interviewer training, and cost-time constraints.

Keywords: HDDS; IYCF-MDD; MDD-W; diet assessment; diet diversity; smartphone application.

Publication types

  • Review

Grants and funding

This research was funded by the International Funds for Agricultural Development.