Predictors of health-related quality of life one year after stroke: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Int J Rehabil Res. 2024 Jun 1;47(2):53-63. doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000623. Epub 2024 Apr 8.


The objective was to investigate, through a systematic review, which independent variables predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) one year after stroke. Searches were conducted in LILACS, MEDLINE, Scielo, Web of Science, and PEDro. The inclusion criteria were observational longitudinal studies, which included at least one independent variable measured at baseline, as a potential predictor of HRQoL measured 12 months after stroke. The predictors of interest were variables across all domains of the International Classification of Function, Disability and Health. The quality of evidence was rated according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). A total of 17 papers were included, involving 8338 participants, and 10 possible predictors of the HRQoL one year after stroke. The meta-analysis was performed for six of them (cognition, depression, neurological deficit, stroke severity, motor impairment, and limitation in activities of daily living), and significant results were found only for limitation in activities of daily living (odds ratio, 1.30 [95% confidence interval, 1.09-1.57]; I2 = 72%; P < 0.01). The descriptive analysis of the remaining four predictors suggested a significant predictive value of balance and functional independence, whereas the results for trunk control were not significant and for social participation were unclear. In conclusion, individuals within the first 11.5 weeks after stroke with lower limitation in activities of daily living, higher functional independence, and better balance, are more likely to have a higher HRQoL one year after stroke. Thus, these predictors, all modifiable factors, need to be targeted during acute rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life*
  • Stroke / psychology
  • Stroke Rehabilitation*