Characterization of cell cycle, inflammation, and oxidative stress signaling role in non-communicable diseases: Insights into genetic variants, microRNAs and pathways

Comput Biol Med. 2024 May:174:108346. doi: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2024.108346. Epub 2024 Mar 26.


Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) significantly impact global health, contributing to over 70% of premature deaths, as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO). These diseases have complex and multifactorial origins, involving genetic, epigenetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. While Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) is widely recognized as a valuable tool for identifying variants associated with complex phenotypes; the multifactorial nature of NCDs necessitates a more comprehensive exploration, encompassing not only the genetic but also the epigenetic aspect. For this purpose, we employed a bioinformatics-multiomics approach to examine the genetic and epigenetic characteristics of NCDs (i.e. colorectal cancer, coronary atherosclerosis, squamous cell lung cancer, psoriasis, type 2 diabetes, and multiple sclerosis), aiming to identify novel biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis. Leveraging GWAS summary statistics, we pinpointed Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) independently associated with each NCD. Subsequently, we identified genes linked to cell cycle, inflammation and oxidative stress mechanisms, revealing shared genes across multiple diseases, suggesting common functional pathways. From an epigenetic perspective, we identified microRNAs (miRNAs) with regulatory functions targeting these genes of interest. Our findings underscore critical genetic pathways implicated in these diseases. In colorectal cancer, the dysregulation of the "Cytokine Signaling in Immune System" pathway, involving LAMA5 and SMAD7, regulated by Hsa-miR-21-5p, Hsa-miR-103a-3p, and Hsa-miR-195-5p, emerged as pivotal. In coronary atherosclerosis, the pathway associated with "binding of TCF/LEF:CTNNB1 to target gene promoters" displayed noteworthy implications, with the MYC factor controlled by Hsa-miR-16-5p as a potential regulatory factor. Squamous cell lung carcinoma analysis revealed significant pathways such as "PTK6 promotes HIF1A stabilization," regulated by Hsa-let-7b-5p. In psoriasis, the "Endosomal/Vacuolar pathway," involving HLA-C and Hsa-miR-148a-3p and Hsa-miR-148b-3p, was identified as crucial. Type 2 Diabetes implicated the "Regulation of TP53 Expression" pathway, controlled by Hsa-miR-106a-5p and Hsa-miR-106b-5p. In conclusion, our study elucidates the genetic framework and molecular mechanisms underlying NCDs, offering crucial insights into potential genetic/epigenetic biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis. The specificity of pathways and related miRNAs in different pathologies highlights promising candidates for further clinical validation, with the potential to advance personalized treatments and alleviate the global burden of NCDs.

Keywords: Bioinformatic approach; Biomarker identification; Cell lung carcinoma; Colorectal cancer; Coronary atherosclerosis; Genome-wide association study; Multiple sclerosis; Psoriasis; Type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Epigenesis, Genetic
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Humans
  • Inflammation* / genetics
  • MicroRNAs* / genetics
  • MicroRNAs* / metabolism
  • Noncommunicable Diseases*
  • Oxidative Stress* / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Signal Transduction / genetics


  • MicroRNAs