Perspectives Toward Damage-Tolerant Nanostructure Ceramics

Adv Sci (Weinh). 2024 Jun;11(24):e2309834. doi: 10.1002/advs.202309834. Epub 2024 Apr 6.

Abstract

Advanced ceramic materials and devices call for better reliability and damage tolerance. In addition to their strong bonding nature, there are examples demonstrating superior mechanical properties of nanostructure ceramics, such as damage-tolerant ceramic aerogels that can withstand high deformation without cracking and local plasticity in dense nanocrystalline ceramics. The recent progresses shall be reviewed in this perspective article. Three topics including highly elastic nano-fibrous ceramic aerogels, load-bearing nanoceramics with improved mechanical properties, and implementing machine learning-assisted simulations toolbox in understanding the relationship among structure, deformation mechanisms, and microstructure-properties shall be discussed. It is hoped that the perspectives present here can help the discovery, synthesis, and processing of future structural ceramic materials that are insensitive to processing flaws and local damages in service.

Keywords: ceramics; damage tolerance; fibrous aerogels; machine learning; nanostructures.