The positive feedback loop of the NAT10/Mybbp1a/p53 axis promotes cardiomyocyte ferroptosis to exacerbate cardiac I/R injury

Redox Biol. 2024 Jun:72:103145. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2024.103145. Epub 2024 Apr 2.


Ferroptosis is a nonapoptotic form of regulated cell death that has been reported to play a central role in cardiac ischemia‒reperfusion (I/R) injury. N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10) contributes to cardiomyocyte apoptosis by functioning as an RNA ac4c acetyltransferase, but its role in cardiomyocyte ferroptosis during I/R injury has not been determined. This study aimed to elucidate the role of NAT10 in cardiac ferroptosis as well as the underlying mechanism. The mRNA and protein levels of NAT10 were increased in mouse hearts after I/R and in cardiomyocytes that were exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation. P53 acted as an endogenous activator of NAT10 during I/R in a transcription-dependent manner. Cardiac overexpression of NAT10 caused cardiomyocyte ferroptosis to exacerbate I/R injury, while cardiomyocyte-specific knockout of NAT10 or pharmacological inhibition of NAT10 with Remodelin had the opposite effects. The inhibition of cardiomyocyte ferroptosis by Fer-1 exerted superior cardioprotective effects against the NAT10-induced exacerbation of post-I/R cardiac damage than the inhibition of apoptosis by emricasan. Mechanistically, NAT10 induced the ac4C modification of Mybbp1a, increasing its stability, which in turn activated p53 and subsequently repressed the transcription of the anti-ferroptotic gene SLC7A11. Moreover, knockdown of Mybbp1a partially abolished the detrimental effects of NAT10 overexpression on cardiomyocyte ferroptosis and cardiac I/R injury. Collectively, our study revealed that p53 and NAT10 interdependently cooperate to form a positive feedback loop that promotes cardiomyocyte ferroptosis to exacerbate cardiac I/R injury, suggesting that targeting the NAT10/Mybbp1a/p53 axis may be a novel approach for treating cardiac I/R.

Keywords: Ferroptosis; I/R injury; Mybbp1a; NAT10; ac4C; p53.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetyltransferases / genetics
  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Feedback, Physiological
  • Ferroptosis* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury* / genetics
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury* / metabolism
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury* / pathology
  • Myocytes, Cardiac* / metabolism
  • Myocytes, Cardiac* / pathology
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53* / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53* / metabolism


  • Acetyltransferases
  • Trp53 protein, mouse
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Nat10 protein, mouse
  • Mybbp1a protein, mouse