Anticaries and Antigingivitis Properties of Cannabinoid-Containing Oral Health Products: A Review

Cannabis Cannabinoid Res. 2024 Apr 8. doi: 10.1089/can.2023.0206. Online ahead of print.


To evaluate the anticaries and antigingivitis properties of cannabinoid-containing oral health products. A systematic research strategy was employed. Specific search terms were used, including "Cannabinoids AND dental caries," "Cannabinoids AND oral health," "Cannabinoids AND dental plaque," "Cannabinoids AND gingivitis AND periodontitis," "Cannabinoids AND S. mutans," "Cannabidiol AND oral health," and "Cannabidiol AND oral biofilm." The search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, and EBSCO Host databases. The search yielded a total of 73 articles, out of which 15 articles (20.5%) were relevant to the scope of this systematic review. Among the relevant articles, only eight (10.9%) directly addressed the research question. The findings from these articles suggest that cannabinoids have the potential to reduce the metabolism of cariogenic bacteria, specifically Streptococcus mutans, and decrease the number of bacterial colonies in dental plaque. In vitro studies also demonstrated a significant inhibitory effect of cannabinoids on oral biofilms and create a considerable inhibitory zone of growth when investigated on oral biofilms in vitro. Furthermore, CBD exhibited antibacterial properties against Porphyromonas gingivalis, a primary pathogen associated with periodontal disease. The current review shows insufficient data to conclude on the anticaries and antigingivitis effects of cannabinoids. Despite extensive research on their systemic therapeutic benefits, their oral health impact remains underexplored, lacking clinical trials and primary research.

Keywords: S. mutans; cannabidiol; cannabinoids; dental caries; dental plaque; gingivitis.