Characterization of Thermoresponsive Photobody Dynamics

Methods Mol Biol. 2024:2795:95-104. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-3814-9_10.


Photobodies (PBs) are subnuclear membraneless organelles that self-assemble via the condensation of the plant photoreceptor and thermosensor phytochrome B (phyB). Changes in the light and temperature environment directly modulate PB formation and maintenance by altering the number and size of PBs. In thermomorphogenesis, increases in the ambient temperature incrementally reduce the number of PBs, suggesting that individual PBs possess distinct thermostabilities. Here, we describe a detailed protocol for characterizing cell type-specific PB dynamics induced by warm temperatures in Arabidopsis.

Keywords: Photobody; PhyB; Phytochrome B; Thermomorphogenesis.

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis Proteins* / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins* / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis* / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Light
  • Phytochrome B / genetics
  • Phytochrome B / metabolism
  • Temperature


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Phytochrome B