Mitochondrial complex I subunit MT-ND1 mutations affect disease progression

Heliyon. 2024 Mar 28;10(7):e28808. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e28808. eCollection 2024 Apr 15.


Mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I is an important component of the oxidative respiratory chain, with the mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 1 (MT-ND1) being one of the core subunits. MT-ND1 plays a role in the assembly of complex I and its enzymatic function. MT-ND1 gene mutation affects pathophysiological processes, such as interfering with the early assembly of complex I, affecting the ubiquinone binding domain and proton channel of complex I, and affecting oxidative phosphorylation, thus leading to the occurrence of diseases. The relationship between MT-ND1 gene mutation and disease has been has received increasing research attention. Therefore, this article reviews the impact of MT-ND1 mutations on disease progression, focusing on the impact of such mutations on diseases and their possible mechanisms, as well as the application of targeting MT-ND1 gene mutations in disease diagnosis and treatment. We aim to provide a new perspective leading to a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between MT-ND1 gene mutations and diseases.

Keywords: LHON; MT-ND1; Mitochondrial complex I; Mutation; Pathological mutation; Type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Review