Telemedicine-Based Provision of Adolescent Gender-Affirming Medical Care to Promote Equitable Access

Telemed J E Health. 2024 Apr 10. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2023.0575. Online ahead of print.


Purpose: To explore transgender and nonbinary (TNB) young adults' (1) interest in receiving gender-affirming medications through telemedicine before age 18 years and (2) willingness to initiate this care with primary care providers (PCPs). Methods: Data were from a survey of TNB young adults who had not received gender-affirming medications before age 18 years. Chi-square and Wald tests identified demographic differences in telemedicine interest and willingness to initiate medications with their PCP as minors. Results: Among 280 respondents, 82.5% indicated interest in telemedicine and 42.0% were willing to initiate medications with their PCP. Black/African American respondents were more likely to indicate interest in telemedicine than White and multiracial respondents. Respondents from rural areas were more likely to indicate willingness to initiate medications with their PCP than those from urban areas. Conclusions: Telemedicine expansion and further support for PCPs may represent critical opportunities to promote equitable access to adolescent gender-affirming care.

Keywords: access to gender-affirming medical care; adolescent health; health equity; primary care; telemedicine.