Feedback perceptions of first year medical residents: An intervention-based survey study

PLoS One. 2024 Apr 10;19(4):e0300205. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0300205. eCollection 2024.


Background: Feedback in residency is a necessity for progression toward clinical competency and is included in The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones as an essential component for accreditation.

Purpose: Our study elucidates perceptions of feedback of first-year residents and aims to identify how these perceptions change after education on building expertise through deliberate practice.

Methods: First-year internal medicine and neurology residents of a mid-sized university-affiliated residency program answered a five-question 5-point unipolar response scale questionnaire regarding feedback perceptions before and after attending a workshop about building expertise through effective feedback during residency orientation. Related-Samples Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test was applied for comparing pre- versus post-questionnaire data.

Results: Of 31 first-year residents, 29 completed the pre-questionnaire for a completion rate of 93.5%, while 24 of 31 completed the post-questionnaire for a completion rate of 77.4%. Of the five questions, three improved when comparing pre and post responses to, including the questions on confidence in the ability to procure feedback (p = <0.001), the effort put into procuring feedback (p = 0.001), and frequency of seeking feedback (p = 0.002). Interest in receiving feedback and the importance of feedback remained unchanged after workshop attendance.

Conclusion: Residents should be educated on building expertise through deliberate practice and how to obtain high-quality feedback, given the emphasis and essentiality of feedback within the milestone assessment system and the core competencies of ACGME. In our study, education on these topics led to significant improvement in resident perceptions of confidence in the ability to procure feedback, effort put into procuring feedback, and frequency at which feedback would be sought.

MeSH terms

  • Accreditation
  • Clinical Competence
  • Education, Medical, Graduate
  • Feedback
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Grants and funding

The author(s) received no specific funding for this work.