Comparative analysis of linear- and circular-stapled gastrojejunostomies in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: a focus on postoperative morbidity using the comprehensive complication index

Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2024 Apr 11;409(1):120. doi: 10.1007/s00423-024-03303-1.

Abstract

Purpose: The linear-stapled (LSA) and the circular-stapled anastomosis (CSA) are the two most commonly performed techniques for the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) during laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This study compared the outcome after both techniques with special focus on postoperative morbidity using the comprehensive complication index (CCI).

Methods: Five hundred eighty-eight patients operated between 01/2010 and 12/2019 were included in the final analysis and divided in two cohorts according to the surgical technique of the GJ (LSA (n = 290) or CSA (n = 298)). Before 09/2016, the CSA was exclusively performed for the GJ, while after 09/2016, the LSA was solely used.

Results: The mean CCI for patients with Clavien-Dindo complication grade ≥ 2 within the first 90 days after RYGB was 31 ± 9.1 in the CSA and 25.7 ± 6.8 in the LSA group (p < 0.001), both values still below the previously published benchmark cutoff (≤ 33.73). The C-reactive Protein (CRP)-levels on postoperative days (POD) 1 and 3 as well as the use of opioids on POD 1 were significantly higher in the CSA- than in the LSA-group (all p < 0.001). There were significantly more internal herniations in the CSA group during the first 24 postoperative months (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Patients after RYGB with CSA were found to have higher CCI values during the first 90 PODs compared to patients in which the LSA was applied. To achieve optimal outcomes in terms of patient morbidity, the LSA seems to be the superior technique for GJ in RYGB.

Keywords: Circular-stapled anastomosis; Gastric bypass; Gastrojejunostomy; Linear-stapled anastomosis; RYGB.

MeSH terms

  • Gastric Bypass* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy* / adverse effects
  • Morbidity
  • Postoperative Period