Maximum storage time of refrigerated blood and frozen plasma samples from tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum

Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2024 Aug-Sep:273:110969. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpb.2024.110969. Epub 2024 Apr 9.


Blood analysis is an important tool for monitoring the health status of fish, but the time between collection and analysis can affect the outcome of the analysis. This study sought to determine the maximum time refrigerated blood and frozen plasma samples of the tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum, can be stored without affecting analysis. Samples from 12 fish were obtained, stored under refrigeration at 4 °C and evaluated after 0, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h, while samples from 14 fish were centrifuged, and the resulting plasma was frozen at -20 °C and then evaluated after 0, 8, 12, 16 and 20 weeks. The parameters analyzed were hematocrit (Ht), hemoglobin content (Hb), total erythrocytes (RBC), total (WBC) and differential leukocytes, total thrombocytes (TC), glucose content (Glc), total protein (TP), triglyceride content (TG), total cholesterol (CoT), and the activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). For refrigerated whole blood samples, mean corpuscular hemoglobin content (MCHC) showed a transient decline in 24 h, and there were decreases in WBC, TC, Glc and TG that persisted until the 72 h sample point (for Glc and TG) or persisted until the 96 h sample point (for WBC and TC). A decrease in RBC was noted from 48 h on, while ALT was significantly higher in the 96 h sample. Significant decreases in lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils and eosinophils were noted from 48 h of storage on, while a significant decline in basophil counts were noted over the last two sampled timepoints. The coefficient of variation was greatest at the 96 h timepoint, indicating increased variability in measured parameters after 4 d of refrigeration. Plasma samples frozen at -20 °C showed a significant variation in ALT after 8 weeks, and increases in TP and TG after 20 weeks. Therefore, it is recommended that refrigerated tambaqui whole blood samples be analyzed within 24 h and frozen tambaqui plasma samples analyzed within 8 weeks.

Keywords: Blood parameters; Fish; Temperature storage; Tropical fish.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Preservation / methods
  • Cryopreservation
  • Freezing
  • Plasma / chemistry
  • Plasma / metabolism
  • Refrigeration*
  • Time Factors