Activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis of a new class of spirooxindolopyrrolidine embedded chromanone hybrid heterocycles

RSC Adv. 2024 Apr 11;14(17):11604-11613. doi: 10.1039/d4ra01501k. eCollection 2024 Apr 10.


A new class of structurally intriguing heterocycles embedded with spiropyrrolidine, oxindole and chromanones was prepared by regio- and stereoselectively in quantitative yields using an intermolecular tandem cycloaddition protocol. The compounds synthesized were assayed for their anti-mycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) H37Rv and isoniazid-resistant (katG and inhA promoter mutations) clinical Mtb isolates. Four compounds exhibited significant antimycobacterial activity against Mtb strains tested. In particular, a compound possessing a fluorine substituted derivative displayed potent activity at 0.39 μg mL-1 against H37Rv, while it showed 0.09 μg mL-1 and 0.19 μg mL-1 activity against inhA promoter and katG mutation isolates, respectively. A molecular docking study was conducted with the potent compound, which showed results that were consistent with the in vitro experiments.