PREVALENCE OF FETAL CONGENITAL ANOMALIES IN PATIENTS ATTENDING TIKRIT TEACHING HOSPITAL

Georgian Med News. 2024 Feb:(347):113-116.

Abstract

Children born with structural or functional defects were reported as congenital anomalies. The rate of these deficits has increasingly been reported globally with upregulated trends for unknown specific reasons. Congenital anomalies are reported as a clinical challenge for clinical settings due to handling, transportation, daycare, and staff requirements. The present study aimed to characterize such types of congenital anomalies in Tikrit governorate (Iraq). A total of 180 file records of newborn babies were allocated for those babies who have been admitted to the hospital after birth due to their requirement for help as a consequence of their diagnosis of congenital anomalies. These anomalies were counted and placed together for potential comparisons and determination of the highest percentage of them. The most common area for anomalies was the central nervous system (40%) followed by the musculoskeletal (22%), gastrointestinal system (16%), and heart (11%). The lowest proportion of congenital anomalies were those of the eye, face, ear (7%), and Skin (7%). Characterization of the frequency of anomalies and allocation of their causative factors are important to take further steps forward for the specification of the diseases and required treatments.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Fetus*
  • Hospitals, Teaching*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Patients
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Care
  • Prevalence