The Oligomeric State of Vasorin in the Plasma Membrane Measured Non-Invasively by Quantitative Fluorescence Fluctuation Spectroscopy

Int J Mol Sci. 2024 Apr 8;25(7):4115. doi: 10.3390/ijms25074115.


Vasorin (VASN), a transmembrane protein heavily expressed in endothelial cells, has garnered recent interest due to its key role in vascular development and pathology. The oligomeric state of VASN is a crucial piece of knowledge given that receptor clustering is a frequent regulatory mechanism in downstream signaling activation and amplification. However, documentation of VASN oligomerization is currently absent. In this brief report, we describe the measurement of VASN oligomerization in its native membranous environment, leveraging a class of fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy. Our investigation revealed that the majority of VASN resides in a monomeric state, while a minority of VASN forms homodimers in the cellular membrane. This result raises the intriguing possibility that ligand-independent clustering of VASN may play a role in transforming growth factor signaling.

Keywords: fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy; fluorescent proteins; membrane protein multimerization; vasorin (VASN).

MeSH terms

  • Cell Membrane
  • Endothelial Cells*
  • Membrane Proteins*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence


  • Membrane Proteins

Grants and funding

J.L. is self-supported. A.W.S. was supported by the Human Frontiers of Science Program No. RGP0059/2019.