ChatGPT/GPT-4 (large language models): Opportunities and challenges of perspective in bariatric healthcare professionals

Obes Rev. 2024 Jul;25(7):e13746. doi: 10.1111/obr.13746. Epub 2024 Apr 12.

Abstract

ChatGPT/GPT-4 is a conversational large language model (LLM) based on artificial intelligence (AI). The potential application of LLM as a virtual assistant for bariatric healthcare professionals in education and practice may be promising if relevant and valid issues are actively examined and addressed. In general medical terms, it is possible that AI models like ChatGPT/GPT-4 will be deeply integrated into medical scenarios, improving medical efficiency and quality, and allowing doctors more time to communicate with patients and implement personalized health management. Chatbots based on AI have great potential in bariatric healthcare and may play an important role in predicting and intervening in weight loss and obesity-related complications. However, given its potential limitations, we should carefully consider the medical, legal, ethical, data security, privacy, and liability issues arising from medical errors caused by ChatGPT/GPT-4. This concern also extends to ChatGPT/GPT -4's ability to justify wrong decisions, and there is an urgent need for appropriate guidelines and regulations to ensure the safe and responsible use of ChatGPT/GPT-4.

Keywords: artificial intelligence; bariatric surgery; metabolic diseases; metabolic surgery; obesity; weight loss.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence*
  • Bariatric Medicine
  • Bariatric Surgery*
  • Health Personnel* / psychology
  • Humans
  • Obesity