A rare case of upper lip schwannoma: A case report with analysis of the histological, immunohistochemical and pathogenesis aspects

Int J Surg Case Rep. 2024 May:118:109445. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2024.109445. Epub 2024 Feb 27.


Introduction and importance: Schwannoma, a benign tumor originating from Schwann cells, is a rare case found intraorally. The tongue, palate and buccal mucosa are the most common sites of intraoral Schwannoma while it is very rarely found on the lips. Previous studies reported only twelve cases of Schwannoma on the upper lip. The etiology of Schwannoma is unknown, but in some literature, Schwannoma occurs due to a defect in the NF2 gene. Management of Schwannoma is excision of the capsule. The prognosis is good, and the recurrency is low. This article reports a rare case of upper lip Schwannoma in adolescent and its management with its histological, immunohistochemical and pathogenesis aspects.

Case presentation: A 16-years old female presented a painless, semi-solid, mobile lump on the upper lip measuring of approximately 1.5 × 3 cm that had similar color with the surrounding tissue. The lump appeared 7 years ago.

Clinical discussion: Excision of the capsule and margins of the tumor. Histopathological examination showed a unique feature of Schwannoma, the Verocay bodies. Subsequent immunohistochemical examination of S100 protein showed a classic type of Schwannoma.

Conclusion: Upper lip schwannoma is a very rare tumor, and this type of tumor cannot be distinguished from other benign soft tissue tumors based on clinical findings. Immunohistochemical results are in accordance with the Histopathological results for the final diagnosis of Schwannoma. Schwannoma can be used as a differential diagnosis in cases of lumps on the lips with sessile, similar color like surrounding tissue, painless, and movable features.

Keywords: Excision; Schwannoma; Tumor; Upper lip.

Publication types

  • Case Reports