Tunable and mode-locked Tm,Ho:GdScO3 laser

Opt Lett. 2024 Apr 15;49(8):2145-2148. doi: 10.1364/OL.514957.


A novel, to the best of our knowledge, Tm,Ho:GdScO3 crystal grown using the Czochralski method was investigated for its polarized spectroscopic properties and laser performance in both tunable continuous-wave (CW) and mode-locked regimes. The crystal's multisite structure (Gd3+/Sc3+ site) and Tm3+/Ho3+ dopants contributed to spectral broadening, enabling a tunable laser operation from 1914 to 2125 nm (with a broad range of 215 nm). Additionally, a pulse duration of 72 fs was achieved for E || b polarization. These results demonstrate the potential of the Tm,Ho:GdScO3 perovskite crystal as a promising gain material for ultrafast lasers operating around 2 µm.