Sleep deprivation: A risk factor for the pathogenesis and progression of Alzheimer's disease

Heliyon. 2024 Apr 5;10(7):e28819. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e28819. eCollection 2024 Apr 15.

Abstract

Sleep deprivation refers to an intentional or unintentional reduction in sleep time, resulting in insufficient sleep. It is often caused by sleep disorders, work demands (e.g., night shifts), and study pressure. Sleep deprivation promotes Aβ deposition and tau hyperphosphorylation, which is a risk factor for the pathogenesis and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent research has demonstrated the potential involvement of sleep deprivation in both the pathogenesis and progression of AD through glial cell activation, the glial lymphatic system, orexin system, circadian rhythm system, inflammation, and the gut microbiota. Thus, investigating the molecular mechanisms underlying the association between sleep deprivation and AD is crucial, which may contribute to the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies for AD. This review aims to analyze the impact of sleep deprivation on AD, exploring the underlying pathological mechanisms that link sleep deprivation to the initiation and progression of AD, which offers a theoretical foundation for the development of drugs aimed at preventing and treating AD.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; Disease progression; Mechanisms; Risk factor; Sleep deprivation; Tau protein; β-amyloid.

Publication types

  • Review