COVID-19 antibody titers after tixagevimab-cilgavimab injection in patients with hematologic diseases; a single-center, prospective study

Leuk Lymphoma. 2024 Apr 16:1-10. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2024.2343519. Online ahead of print.


Knowledge of the SARS-CoV-2 antibody titers induced by tixagevimab-cilgavimab in patients with hematologic diseases remains insufficient. Here, we performed a single-center, prospective study to reveal the changes in antibody titer after administration of tixagevimab-cilgavimab in 78 patients with hematologic diseases. The median peak titer was 155.4 U/mL, and the median AUC was 46556 days·U/mL. First, we compared several characteristics between patients with low titers (peak titer ≤ 155.4 U/mL) and high titers (peak titer > 155.4 U/mL). We extracted 6 factors (patient age, sex, ECOG-PS, serum albumin level, and cross-sectional area and computed tomographic number of the psoas major muscle) as candidates influencing the antibody titers. Multiple regression analysis revealed that antibody titer was closely associated with these 6 factors (contribution rate = 0.76, p = 0.02). Our data support the inability of tixagevimab-cilgavimab to induce sufficient antibody titers against SARS-CoV-2, especially in older, frailer, female patients.

Keywords: Infectious complications; antibody-based immunotherapy; infectious complications; marrow and stem cell transpantation.