Towards prolonging ovarian reproductive life: Insights into trace elements homeostasis

Ageing Res Rev. 2024 Jun:97:102311. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2024.102311. Epub 2024 Apr 16.

Abstract

Ovarian aging is marked by a reduction in the quantity and quality of ovarian follicles, leading to a decline in female fertility and ovarian endocrine function. While the biological characteristics of ovarian aging are well-established, the exact mechanisms underlying this process remain elusive. Recent studies underscore the vital role of trace elements (TEs) in maintaining ovarian function. Imbalances in TEs can lead to ovarian aging, characterized by reduced enzyme activity, hormonal imbalances, ovulatory disorders, and decreased fertility. A comprehensive understanding of the relationship between systemic and cellular TEs balance and ovarian aging is critical for developing treatments to delay aging and manage age-related conditions. This review consolidates current insights into TEs homeostasis and its impact on ovarian aging, assesses how altered TEs metabolism affects ovarian aging, and suggests future research directions to prolong ovarian reproductive life. These studies are expected to offer novel approaches for mitigating ovarian aging.

Keywords: Ovarian aging; endocrine; fertility; homeostasis; trace elements.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging* / metabolism
  • Aging* / physiology
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Homeostasis* / physiology
  • Humans
  • Ovary* / metabolism
  • Reproduction / physiology
  • Trace Elements* / metabolism