Deceased Donor Liver Transplantation in India: First Report of 5-Y Outcomes

Transplantation. 2024 Apr 19. doi: 10.1097/TP.0000000000004991. Online ahead of print.


Background: Paucity of deceased donor livers has resulted in a 10-fold rise in living donor liver transplantations (LDLTs) performed in India over the past decade. Nonetheless, number of deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT) performed has improved with the establishment of simplified legal framework for certification of brain death and organ donation. In this study, we present our outcomes of DDLT performed at various centers, comparing their outcomes and provide a snapshot of the increasing number of DDLT across the state over the years.

Methods: All consecutive patients who underwent liver transplants from January 2010 till December 2019 by our transplant team in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, were included in the study. The program was established initially at the primary hospital in the year 2010 and with the evolution of the initial experience, transplant programs were expanded to the others hospital from the year 2015. Preoperative clinical data, intraoperative characteristics, and posttransplant outcomes of DDLT were analyzed from our prospective database.

Results: A total of 362 DDLTs (331 adults, 31 children) were performed at 11 centers. Median (range) model for end-stage liver disease score was 16 (6-39). Forty-eight split, 11 combined liver kidney, and 4 auxiliary DDLTs were performed. One-, 3-, and 5-y survival was 87.2%, 80.4%, and 76.6% in adults and 80.6%, 80.6%, and 80.6% in children, respectively.

Conclusions: In a country where over 80% of the LTs are performed as LDLT, we provide the first report of a heartening trend of increasing number of DDLT programs being established with excellent 5-y outcomes.