Application Effects of Individualized Diet Nursing Combined with the Modified Glasgow-Blatchford Scoring System in Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Altern Ther Health Med. 2024 Apr 18:AT10259. Online ahead of print.


Background: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding encompasses bleeding arising from esophageal, gastric, duodenal, or pancreaticobiliary lesions above the Treitz ligament. Research indicates a close association between improper diet and upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the application effects of individualized diet nursing combined with the modified Glasgow-Blatchford scoring system in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

Design: A randomized controlled study was conducted.

Setting: The study took place at the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University.

Participants: From January 2021 to October 2022, 80 patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding were selected at our hospital. Using a random number table, they were divided into a control group and an observation group, each comprising 40 cases.

Interventions: The control group received routine nursing, while the observation group received individualized diet nursing based on the Glasgow-Blatchford score in addition to routine nursing.

Primary outcome measures: (1) bleeding frequency, hemostasis time, and hospital stay; (2) re-bleeding rate; (3) Glasgow-Blatchford scores; (4) quality of life; and (5) nursing satisfaction.

Results: In the observation group, bleeding frequency, hemostasis time, and hospital stay significantly reduced compared to the control (P < .05). Post-nursing, the observation group had a lower re-bleeding rate (χ2=11.25, P < .05). Before nursing, no statistical differences existed in Glasgow-Blatchford and quality of life scores between groups (P > .05). Post-nursing, both groups saw reduced Glasgow-Blatchford scores, more so in the observation group (P < .05). Quality of life scores increased in both, more notably in the observation group (P < .05). Overall nursing satisfaction was higher in the observation group (P < .05).

Conclusions: Individualized diet nursing, based on the Glasgow-Blatchford score, improves cure rates and quality of life and warrants promotion.