Assessment of Serum Atherogenic Indices and Insulin Resistance in Retinal Vein Occlusion

Turk J Ophthalmol. 2024 Apr 19;54(2):76-82. doi: 10.4274/tjo.galenos.2024.66367.

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate serum atherogenic indices as novel cardiovascular risk factors associated with retinal vein occlusion (RVO).

Materials and methods: This retrospective case-control study included 57 patients with newly diagnosed RVO whose plasma lipid profile (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C], high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], total cholesterol [TC], and triglycerides [TG]) and insulin resistance were examined. Serum atherogenic indices (LDL-C/HDL-C, TC/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C, and non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratios) and presence of insulin resistance were compared between the patients and 63 healthy subjects. Cut-off values were determined by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.

Results: The mean age of the RVO patients was 63.7±9.4 years. Plasma levels of LDL-C, HDL-C, TC, and TG showed no significant difference between the patient and control groups (p>0.05). However, LDL-C/HDL-C, non-HDL-C/HDL-C, and TC/HDL-C ratios were higher in the RVO group compared to healthy subjects (p=0.015, p=0.036, and p=0.015, respectively). Fasting insulin concentrations, plasma insulin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index were higher in the RVO patients compared to controls (p=0.003, p=0.001, and p=0.001, respectively).

Conclusion: LDL-C/HDL-C, TC/HDL-C, and non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratios were found to be increased in RVO. Compared to the traditional plasma lipid profile, serum atherogenic indices were found to be superior predictors of RVO development. Measurement of HOMA-IR index should be taken into consideration in the evaluation of insulin resistance. High serum atherogenic indexes in RVO patients reveal the need to take precautions against the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.

Keywords: HOMA-IR; Retinal vein occlusion; erum lipid profile; insulin resistance; serum atherogenic index.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Atherosclerosis / blood
  • Atherosclerosis / diagnosis
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance* / physiology
  • Lipids / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • ROC Curve
  • Retinal Vein Occlusion* / blood
  • Retinal Vein Occlusion* / diagnosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Triglycerides / blood

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Lipids
  • Triglycerides