Management of Contact Lenses and Visual Development in Pediatric Aphakia

Turk J Ophthalmol. 2024 Apr 19;54(2):90-102. doi: 10.4274/tjo.galenos.2023.56252.


Congenital cataract is among the main causes of treatable vision loss in childhood. The first weeks and months of life are a critical time for the development of vision. Therefore, early cataract surgery and effective multifaceted treatment of the resulting aphakia in the early stages of life are of great value for the management of vision development. Among the treatment models, contact lenses (CL) have an important place in infancy and early childhood up to the age of 2 years. Although good visual gains were not considered very likely, especially in unilateral aphakia, important steps have been taken in the treatment of pediatric aphakia thanks to the surgical techniques developed over time and the increasing experience with optical correction systems, especially CLs. This review examines current developments in the types of CL used in pediatric aphakia, their application features, comparison with other optical systems, the features of amblyopia treatment in the presence of CL, and the results obtained with family compliance to CL wear and occlusion therapy in the light of existing studies.

Keywords: Congenital cataract; contact lens; pediatric aphakia; persistent fetal vasculature; visual rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amblyopia / physiopathology
  • Amblyopia / therapy
  • Aphakia
  • Aphakia, Postcataract* / physiopathology
  • Aphakia, Postcataract* / therapy
  • Cataract / congenital
  • Cataract Extraction / methods
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Contact Lenses*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Visual Acuity* / physiology