De Novo Crohn's Disease Diagnosed in the Setting of Acute SARS-Cov-2 Infection Requiring Escalation of Infliximab Therapy Guided by Personalized Pharmacokinetics

J Pediatr Perinatol Child Health. 2024;8(1):1-4. doi: 10.26502/jppch.74050172. Epub 2024 Jan 12.


Here, we describe a 7-year-old girl who was diagnosed with an early-onset Crohn's disease in the setting of COVID-19 illness. Her disease process responded poorly to standard infliximab dosing, necessitating repeat hospitalizations and red blood cell transfusions. Remission was subsequently induced using a personalized infliximab pharmacokinetic profile based on therapeutic drug monitoring. While the initial data does not support a link, several case reports suggest an association between COVID-19 illness and de-novo development of IBD, especially in young female patients. We report, to our knowledge, the youngest patient who developed early-onset Crohn's disease in the setting of concomitant SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Keywords: COVID-19 illness; De Novo crohn’s disease; Inflammatory bowel disease.