Radiation Therapy With or Without Cisplatin for Local Recurrences of Endometrial Cancer: Results From an NRG Oncology/GOG Prospective Randomized Multicenter Clinical Trial

J Clin Oncol. 2024 Jul 10;42(20):2425-2435. doi: 10.1200/JCO.23.01279. Epub 2024 Apr 25.


Purpose: Pelvic recurrence is a frequent pattern of relapse for women with endometrial cancer. A randomized trial compared progression-free survival (PFS) after treatment with radiation therapy alone as compared with concurrent chemotherapy.

Materials and methods: Between February 2008 and August 2020, 165 patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive either radiation treatment alone or a combination of chemotherapy and radiation treatment. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether chemoradiation therapy was more effective than radiation therapy alone at improving PFS.

Results: The majority of patients had low-grade (1 or 2) endometrioid histology (82%) and recurrences confined to the vagina (86%). External beam with either the three-dimensional or intensity modulated radiation treatment technique was followed by a boost delivered with brachytherapy or external beam. Patients randomly assigned to receive chemotherapy were treated with once weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m2). Rates of acute toxicity were higher in patients treated with chemoradiation as compared with radiation treatment alone. Median PFS was longer for patients treated with radiation therapy alone as compared with chemotherapy and radiation (median PFS was not reached for RT v 73 months for chemoradiation, hazard ratio of 1.25 (95% CI, 0.75 to 2.07). At 3 years, 73% of patients treated definitively with radiation and 62% of patients treated with chemoradiation were alive and free of disease progression.

Conclusion: Excellent outcomes can be achieved for women with localized recurrences of endometrial cancer when treated with radiation therapy. The addition of chemotherapy does not improve PFS for patients treated with definitive radiation therapy for recurrent endometrial cancer and increases acute toxicity. Patients with low-grade and vaginal recurrences who constituted the majority of those enrolled are best treated with radiation therapy alone.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Brachytherapy / adverse effects
  • Brachytherapy / methods
  • Chemoradiotherapy* / methods
  • Cisplatin* / administration & dosage
  • Cisplatin* / therapeutic use
  • Endometrial Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Endometrial Neoplasms* / mortality
  • Endometrial Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Endometrial Neoplasms* / radiotherapy
  • Endometrial Neoplasms* / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local* / pathology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local* / radiotherapy
  • Progression-Free Survival
  • Prospective Studies


  • Cisplatin
  • Antineoplastic Agents