Important molecular mechanisms in ferroptosis

Mol Cell Biochem. 2024 Apr 26. doi: 10.1007/s11010-024-05009-w. Online ahead of print.


Ferroptosis is a type of cell death that is caused by the oxidation of lipids and is dependent on the presence of iron. It was first characterized by Brent R. Stockwell in 2012, and since then, research in the field of ferroptosis has rapidly expanded. The process of ferroptosis-induced cell death is genetically, biochemically, and morphologically distinct from other forms of cellular death, such as apoptosis, necroptosis, and non-programmed cell death. Extensive research has been devoted to comprehending the intricate process of ferroptosis and the various factors that contribute to it. While the majority of these studies have focused on examining the effects of lipid metabolism and mitochondria on ferroptosis, recent findings have highlighted the significant involvement of signaling pathways and associated proteins, including Nrf2, P53, and YAP/TAZ, in this process. This review provides a concise summary of the crucial signaling pathways associated with ferroptosis based on relevant studies. It also elaborates on the drugs that have been employed in recent years to treat ferroptosis-related diseases by targeting the relevant signaling pathways. The established and potential therapeutic targets for ferroptosis-related diseases, such as cancer and ischemic heart disease, are systematically addressed.

Keywords: Cell signaling pathway; Ferroptosis; Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2; P53.

Publication types

  • Review