Cryogenic Electron-Beam Writing for Perovskite Metasurface

Nano Lett. 2024 May 8;24(18):5610-5617. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.4c00954. Epub 2024 Apr 26.


Halide perovskites (HPs) metasurfaces have recently attracted significant interest due to their potential to not only further enhance device performance but also reveal the unprecedented functionalities and novel photophysical properties of HPs. However, nanopatterning on HPs is critically challenging as they are readily destructed by the organic solvents in the standard lithographic processes. Here, we present a novel, subtle, and fully nondestructive HPs metasurface fabrication strategy based on cryogenic electron-beam writing. This technique allows for high-precision patterning and in situ imaging of HPs with excellent compatibility. As a proof-of-concept, broadband absorption enhanced metasurfaces were realized by patterning nanopillar arrays on CH3NH3PbI3 film, which results in photodetectors with approximately 14-times improvement on responsivity and excellent stability. Our findings highlight the great feasibility of cryogenic electron-beam writing for producing perovskite metasurface and unlocking the unprecedented photoelectronic properties of HPs.

Keywords: Perovskite metasurface; Rayleigh-Wood anomaly; electron beam lithography; organic ice; photodetector.