Fusion of Platelet Derived Growth Factor Receptor Alpha (PDGFRA) With Ubiquitin Specific Peptidase 8 (USP8) in a Calcified Chondroid Mesenchymal Neoplasm Harboring t(4;15)(q12;q21) as a Sole Aberration

Cancer Genomics Proteomics. 2024 May-Jun;21(3):252-259. doi: 10.21873/cgp.20444.


Background/aim: The term "calcified chondroid mesenchymal neoplasm" was introduced in 2021 to describe a group of tumors characterized by various morphological features, including the formation of cartilage or chondroid matrix. These tumors frequently carry chimeric genes where the 5'-end partner gene is fibronectin 1 and the 3'-end partner gene codes for receptor tyrosine kinase. Our study explores fusion of the genes platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) and ubiquitin-specific peptidase 8 (USP8) in calcified chondroid mesenchymal neoplasm.

Case report: Genetic investigations were conducted on a tumor located in the leg of a 71-year-old woman. G-banding analysis of short-term cultured tumor cells revealed the karyotype 46,XX,t(4;15)(q12;q21)[6]/46,XX[4]. RNA sequencing detected in-frame PDGFRA::USP8 and USP8::PDGFRA chimeric transcripts, which were validated by RT-PCR/Sanger sequencing. The PDGFRA::USP8 chimeric protein is predicted to have cell membrane location and functions as a chimeric ubiquitinyl hydrolase. The USP8::PDGFRA protein was predicted to be nuclear and function as a positive regulator of cellular metabolic process.

Conclusion: We report, for the first time, a calcified chondroid mesenchymal neoplasm carrying a balanced t(4;15)(q12;q21) chromosomal translocation, resulting in the generation of both PDGFRA::USP8 and USP8::PDGFRA chimeras. The PDGFRA::USP8 protein is located on the cell membrane and functions as a chimeric ubiquitinyl hydrolase, activated by PDGFs. Conversely, USP8::PDGFRA is a nuclear protein regulating metabolic processes.

Keywords: Calcified chondroid mesenchymal neoplasm; PDGFRA; PDGFRA::USP8; USP8; USP8::PDGFRA; chromosome translocation; t(4;15)(q12;q21).

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Calcinosis / genetics
  • Calcinosis / pathology
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4 / genetics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics
  • Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / metabolism
  • Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha* / genetics
  • Translocation, Genetic
  • Ubiquitin Thiolesterase / genetics
  • Ubiquitin Thiolesterase / metabolism


  • Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha
  • Ubiquitin Thiolesterase
  • Oncogene Proteins, Fusion