Robotics Perception and Control: Key Technologies and Applications

Micromachines (Basel). 2024 Apr 15;15(4):531. doi: 10.3390/mi15040531.


The integration of advanced sensor technologies has significantly propelled the dynamic development of robotics, thus inaugurating a new era in automation and artificial intelligence. Given the rapid advancements in robotics technology, its core area-robot control technology-has attracted increasing attention. Notably, sensors and sensor fusion technologies, which are considered essential for enhancing robot control technologies, have been widely and successfully applied in the field of robotics. Therefore, the integration of sensors and sensor fusion techniques with robot control technologies, which enables adaptation to various tasks in new situations, is emerging as a promising approach. This review seeks to delineate how sensors and sensor fusion technologies are combined with robot control technologies. It presents nine types of sensors used in robot control, discusses representative control methods, and summarizes their applications across various domains. Finally, this survey discusses existing challenges and potential future directions.

Keywords: robot control; robot sensors; robotic applications.

Publication types

  • Review

Grants and funding

This work was partially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation (NSFC) under Grant 62203341 and in part by the Natural Science Foundation of Chongqing under Grant CSTB2023NSCQ-MSX1078.