Environmentally sustainable design guide for haemodialysis facilities: An Australian and New Zealand society of Nephrology initiative

Nephrology (Carlton). 2024 Jul;29(7):446-451. doi: 10.1111/nep.14309. Epub 2024 Apr 28.


Haemodialysis facilities have a large environmental impact due to high energy, water and consumable usage by haemodialysis equipment. As climate change and natural resource scarcity escalate, all the while the number of people requiring dialysis increases, there is an urgent need for dialysis facilities that meet care needs while minimising environmental impact. To address this, the Australian and New Zealand Society of Nephrology engaged an environmental sustainability consulting practise to develop a best practise guide for the environmentally sustainable design and operation of haemodialysis facilities. Four opportunity areas were considered, namely energy, water, waste and resource recovery, and additional sustainability. A total of 28 environmental improvement initiatives were identified. The majority (n = 23) were general measures that could be applied across all healthcare settings, while five were specific to haemodialysis facilities. Recommendations were made regarding specific measures that should be undertaken and/or standards that must be met to achieve the intent of each initiative. These were stratified to enable their application to both existing dialysis facilities and new builds. The lifecycle stage of a haemodialysis facility to which each initiative applied was highlighted, as was its potential impact. This guide provides a tailored and comprehensive resource for the kidney care community to enable the integration of best practise sustainability considerations into both existing and new facilities. If broadly implemented, it has the potential to markedly improve the environmental impact of haemodialysis provision.

Keywords: climate change; environmental; haemodialysis; sustainability.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Australia
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
  • Facility Design and Construction
  • Humans
  • Nephrology* / standards
  • New Zealand
  • Renal Dialysis* / instrumentation
  • Renal Dialysis* / standards
  • Societies, Medical