Right Hepatic Artery Pseudoaneurysm Post-laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Case Report of Endovascular Stent-Graft Management

Cureus. 2024 Mar 28;16(3):e57127. doi: 10.7759/cureus.57127. eCollection 2024 Mar.


Gallstone-related diseases like cholelithiasis contribute significantly to global morbidity and mortality. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard for gallbladder removal but is associated with rare but severe complications, including hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms (PAs). A 72-year-old female presented with acute abdominal pain and upper gastrointestinal bleeding following a recent LC. Laboratory studies confirmed anemia with a hemoglobin level of 10 g/dL. Liver function tests were deranged, showing elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) at 209 U/L, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) at 472 U/L, total bilirubin levels at 3.29 mg/dL, and direct bilirubin levels at 2.7 mg/dL. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a PA adjacent to the right hepatic artery. Given the strong suspicion of a hepatic PA as the source of her symptoms, an endovascular stent was placed by an interventional radiologist. Post-procedure, the patient showed a favorable clinical course with cessation of symptoms and was discharged after eight days. This case emphasizes the importance of early identification of hepatic artery PAs following LC, a potentially life-threatening complication. It also suggests that endovascular stent placement can be an effective alternative to traditional transarterial embolization for managing these PAs. Additional research is needed to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of these two methods in comparison.

Keywords: complications; graft; laparoscopic cholecystectomy; pseudoaneurysm; stent.

Publication types

  • Case Reports