Telemedicine for Ketogenic Dietary Treatment in Refractory Epilepsy and Inherited Metabolic Disease: State of Play and Future Perspectives

Stud Health Technol Inform. 2024 Apr 26:313:160-166. doi: 10.3233/SHTI240031.


Ketogenic dietary therapies (KDT) are diets that induce a metabolic condition comparable to fasting. All types of KDT comprise a reduction in carbohydrates whilst dietary fat is increased up to 90% of daily energy expenditure. The amount of protein is normal or slightly increased. KDT are effective, well studied and established as non-pharmacological treatments for pediatric patients with refractory epilepsy and specific inherited metabolic diseases such as Glucose Transporter Type 1 Deficiency Syndrome. Patients and caregivers have to contribute actively to their day-to-day care especially in terms of (self-) calculation and (self-) provision of dietary treatment as well as (self-) measurement of blood glucose and ketones for therapy monitoring. In addition, patients often have to deal with ever-changing drug treatment plans and need to document occurring seizures on a regular basis. With this review, we aim to identify existing tools and features of telemedicine used in the KDT context and further aim to derive implications for further research and development.

Keywords: inherited metabolic disease; ketogenic diet; refractory epilepsy; telemedicine.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Diet, Ketogenic*
  • Drug Resistant Epilepsy* / diet therapy
  • Epilepsy / diet therapy
  • Humans
  • Metabolism, Inborn Errors / diet therapy
  • Telemedicine*