B-cell lymphoma research in Malaysia - A narrative review

Malays J Pathol. 2024 Apr;46(1):11-20.


Lymphomas are a diverse group of malignant proliferations that arise as discrete tissue masses. The most widely accepted taxonomy for lymphoma is the World Health Organization classification of tumours of haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues, the 5th edition of which was released in June 2022. Most (85% to 90%) lymphoid neoplasms are of B cell origin. Mature B-cell neoplasms are a heterogeneous group of malignancies with similar disease courses and treatment paradigms. This review focuses on the various mature B-cell lymphomas in Malaysia, including Hodgkin lymphoma. A literature search was performed in various bibliographic databases. A total of 64 papers were included in this review. We found 15 papers on Hodgkin lymphoma, 14 on follicular lymphoma, 12 on Burkitt lymphoma, 5 on mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, 4 on plasmablastic lymphoma, 3 on mantle cell lymphoma, 1 each on primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, B-lymphoblastic lymphoma, and 3 on other unspecified B-cell lymphomas. The site, age, distribution, prognostic markers, and the various subclassification of B cell lymphomas were studied from these papers. Prognostic genetic markers in B-cell lymphomas include C-MYC, BCL2 and BCL6 as they are the most prevalent mutations in this condition. Anecdotal outcomes range from rapid fatality to unexplained spontaneous remission. This review adds to the existing literature on lymphoma in Malaysia by compiling the evidence that may lead to further research on the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma in Malaysia and worldwide.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Research*
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell* / classification
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell* / genetics
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell* / pathology
  • Malaysia