Protein mimetic 2D FAST rescues alpha synuclein aggregation mediated early and post disease Parkinson's phenotypes

Nat Commun. 2024 Apr 30;15(1):3658. doi: 10.1038/s41467-024-47980-4.


Abberent protein-protein interactions potentiate many diseases and one example is the toxic, self-assembly of α-Synuclein in the dopaminergic neurons of patients with Parkinson's disease; therefore, a potential therapeutic strategy is the small molecule modulation of α-Synuclein aggregation. In this work, we develop an Oligopyridylamide based 2-dimensional Fragment-Assisted Structure-based Technique to identify antagonists of α-Synuclein aggregation. The technique utilizes a fragment-based screening of an extensive array of non-proteinogenic side chains in Oligopyridylamides, leading to the identification of NS132 as an antagonist of the multiple facets of α-Synuclein aggregation. We further identify a more cell permeable analog (NS163) without sacrificing activity. Oligopyridylamides rescue α-Synuclein aggregation mediated Parkinson's disease phenotypes in dopaminergic neurons in early and post disease Caenorhabditis elegans models. We forsee tremendous potential in our technique to identify lead therapeutics for Parkinson's disease and other diseases as it is expandable to other oligoamide scaffolds and a larger array of side chains.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Amides / chemistry
  • Amides / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Caenorhabditis elegans* / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dopaminergic Neurons* / drug effects
  • Dopaminergic Neurons* / metabolism
  • Dopaminergic Neurons* / pathology
  • Humans
  • Parkinson Disease* / drug therapy
  • Parkinson Disease* / metabolism
  • Parkinson Disease* / pathology
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Aggregates / drug effects
  • Protein Aggregation, Pathological / drug therapy
  • Protein Aggregation, Pathological / metabolism
  • Pyridines / chemistry
  • Pyridines / pharmacology
  • alpha-Synuclein* / genetics
  • alpha-Synuclein* / metabolism


  • alpha-Synuclein
  • Protein Aggregates
  • Pyridines
  • Amides