Subarachnoid hemorrhage with Takotsubo syndrome as the prominent manifestation: A case and literature review

Heliyon. 2024 Apr 22;10(9):e30057. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e30057. eCollection 2024 May 15.

Abstract

Background: Takotsubo syndrome, which is often induced by physical or psychological stress, is typically a cardiac syndrome with transient left ventricular dysfunction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Subarachnoid hemorrhage with typical symptoms and signs is frequently reported, whereas the incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage with Takotsubo syndrome as the prominent manifestation without a typical headache is rarely reported.

Case description: We present a rare case of a 63-year-old male patient with cough and fever as the first manifestations, accompanied by mild dizziness, headache, and mental discomfort; however, the patient was eventually diagnosed with atypical subarachnoid hemorrhage with Takotsubo syndrome. The patient underwent general anesthesia downwards stent-assisted spring coil embolization and was discharged from the hospital after postoperative treatment consisting of anti-cerebrovascular spasm, anti-platelet aggregation, and cerebrospinal fluid replacement.

Conclusion: This case demonstrates the association between Takotsubo syndrome and subarachnoid hemorrhage. When patients present with unexplained pulmonary edema with mild neurologic symptoms, clinicians should be alerted to subarachnoid hemorrhage and Takotsubo syndrome.

Keywords: Case report; Headache; Pulmonary edema; Subarachnoid hemorrhage; Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports