Psychiatric Burden in Chronic Sinonasal Diseases: A Single-Center Cross-Sectional Observational Study

Cureus. 2024 Apr 2;16(4):e57471. doi: 10.7759/cureus.57471. eCollection 2024 Apr.


Background and objectives: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and nasal septum deviation (SD) are two widely diffused clinical conditions in otorhinolaryngology clinical practice. Albeit nasal symptoms are the most commonly referred by patients affected by both conditions, recent evidence has explored the impairment of nasal function beyond its local implication. Indeed, the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, specifically anxiety and depression, was found higher in patients suffering from SD or CRS than in the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychiatric burden of these conditions in terms of anxiety and depression and to assess its relationship with clinical phenotype and age.

Methods: Monocentric cross-sectional observational study. Consecutive patients affected by CRS with or without nasal polyps or by SD were considered eligible. At referral, each patient underwent nasal endoscopy for clinical diagnosis and had to fill in the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Sinonasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22), and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for global nasal symptoms. The population was grouped according to disease and age.

Results: One hundred fifty patients were enrolled. We observed a statistically significant difference in mean HADS score between patients affected by CRS with nasal polyps and those suffering from CRS without nasal polyps or SD both in the overall population and by age groups. Nevertheless, there was no significant difference in the HADS score between younger patients affected by CRS and SD. The mean HADS score was significantly higher in younger patients affected by SD compared to older. Furthermore, we observed an inverse correlation between age and HADS score in each disease group, statistically significant for SD. On the contrary, in the overall population, HADS score and patient-related outcomes (PROs) were directly correlated. Conclusions: In the era of personalized medicine, our work remarks on the critical impact of anxiety and depression on the quality of life (QoL) of patients affected by sinonasal conditions. According to our results, age affects patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and should, therefore, be enhanced in the therapeutic decision process.

Keywords: anxiety; chronic rhinosinusitis; depression; psychological impact; quality of life; septum deviation.