Metabolic reprogramming and interventions in angiogenesis

J Adv Res. 2024 May 3:S2090-1232(24)00178-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jare.2024.05.001. Online ahead of print.


Background: Endothelial cell (EC) metabolism plays a crucial role in the process of angiogenesis. Intrinsic metabolic events such as glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation, and glutamine metabolism, support secure vascular migration and proliferation, energy and biomass production, as well as redox homeostasis maintenance during vessel formation. Nevertheless, perturbation of EC metabolism instigates vascular dysregulation-associated diseases, especially cancer.

Aim of review: In this review, we aim to discuss the metabolic regulation of angiogenesis by EC metabolites and metabolic enzymes, as well as prospect the possible therapeutic opportunities and strategies targeting EC metabolism.

Key scientific concepts of review: In this work, we discuss various aspects of EC metabolism considering normal and diseased vasculature. Of relevance, we highlight that the implications of EC metabolism-targeted intervention (chiefly by metabolic enzymes or metabolites) could be harnessed in orchestrating a spectrum of pathological angiogenesis-associated diseases.

Keywords: Angiogenesis; Anti-tumor immunity; Cellular metabolism; Endothelial cell; Inflammation.

Publication types

  • Review