The use and effectiveness of the TRV Chair - a literature review

Otolaryngol Pol. 2023 Dec 31;77(6):31-36. doi: 10.5604/01.3001.0054.0942.


<b><br>Introduction:</b> Vertigo is a subjective sensation of swaying, tilting, spinning, instability, or being off-balance [1]. The concept of vertigo is not a precise term due to the possibility of its being related to numerous variable, frequently co-occurring sensations as experienced by the patient. For this reason, diagnosing the origin of vertigo quite frequently poses a serious dilemma for physicians. Dizziness can be of peripheral or central origin. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of peripheral vertigo and is currently considered to account for about 14-42% of all cases of vertigo, depending on the authors [2-4]. However, this figure may be underestimated due to frequent misdiagnoses.</br> <b><br>Aim:</b> The aim of this paper is to review the currently available international literature on the use of the TRV chair so as to assess its usefulness and effectiveness in the diagnostics and possibly subsequent treatment of BPPV and its components.</br> <b><br>Materials and methods:</b> Included in this literature review are peer-reviewed papers authored by various research teams as available in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus databases.</br> <b><br>Results:</b> The TRV chair is helpful in precise diagnosis and subsequent treatment of BPPV subtypes (canalithiasis and cupulolithiasis) as well as in the evaluation of the number of affected canals, as shown in the papers analyzed in this review.</br> <b><br>Conclusions:</b> The use of TRV in the context of diagnosis and therapy of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo presents with potential for the improvement of diagnostic results, management protocols, and patients' quality of lives.</br&gt.

Keywords: BPPV; TRV chair; benign postural vertigo; diagnostic maneuvers; residual dizziness; vertigo.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo* / diagnosis
  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo* / therapy
  • Dizziness / diagnosis
  • Dizziness / etiology
  • Dizziness / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postural Balance
  • Vertigo / diagnosis
  • Vertigo / therapy