Schwann Cell Hamartoma Presenting as a Colonic Polyp: A Rare Case Report With a Literature Review

Cureus. 2024 Apr 5;16(4):e57674. doi: 10.7759/cureus.57674. eCollection 2024 Apr.

Abstract

Mucosal Schwann cell hamartomas (MSCHs) are non-common noncancerous growths derived from Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system, often found unexpectedly during routine colonoscopy examinations. These growths primarily occur in the colon, although they can also appear in the esophagus and are not linked to familial cancer syndromes. Diagnosis relies on specific histological characteristics and staining patterns. It is essential to distinguish MSCHs accurately since their appearance can closely resemble that of malignant tumors. Characteristically, these hamartomas test positive for S-100 protein but do not exhibit markers typical of other gastrointestinal growths, such as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (negative for KIT), leiomyomas (negative for smooth muscle actin), neurofibromas (negative for CD34), and perineuromas (negative for epithelial membrane antigen or claudin-1). This report discusses the case of a 48-year-old woman who was diagnosed with MSCH during a screening colonoscopy.

Keywords: benign; colon; colonoscopy; gastrointestinal; hamartoma; schwann cell hematoma.

Publication types

  • Case Reports