Tailoring radicality in diaphragmatic surgery for deep endometriosis: A matter of choice

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2024 Jul:95:102499. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2024.102499. Epub 2024 May 3.


Diaphragmatic endometriosis (DpE) is a rare disease localization which represents an important clinical challenge. The main criticisms toward the proper DpE management consist of poor consensus on both surgical indications and the choice between different surgical techniques available to treat the disease. Furthermore, only weak recommendations are provided by current guidelines and surgical management is mostly based on surgeon's experience. As consequence, the lack of standardization about the surgical treatment led to the risk of under- or over-treatments in patients suffering from this form of endometriosis. The latest evidence-based data suggest to adopt a lesion-oriented surgical approach serving as a guide in daily surgical activities, in order to ensure a tailored radicality and reduce the rate of surgery-related complications. Diaphragmatic endometriosis surgery should be performed only by expert surgeons with an extensive oncogynecologic expertise since it represents a technically demanding procedure. A multidisciplinary approach is also mandatory in order to adequately select and treat these patients by minimizing the risk of additional morbidity.

Keywords: Deep infiltrating endometriosis; Diaphragmatic endometriosis; Lesion-oriented approach; Surgical radicality.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diaphragm* / surgery
  • Endometriosis* / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans