Fluoxetine: clinical pharmacology and physiologic disposition

J Clin Psychiatry. 1985 Mar;46(3 Pt 2):14-9.


Fluoxetine (30 mg), administered for 7 days to normal volunteers, produced a 66% inhibition of tritiated serotonin uptake into platelets. Plasma concentrations of fluoxetine correlated positively with inhibition of serotonin uptake. Fluoxetine is well absorbed after oral administration in both the fed and fasted states and demonstrates dose proportionality. Fluoxetine disappears from plasma with a half-life of 1-3 days; its metabolite norfluoxetine has a plasma half-life of 7-15 days. After administration of 14C-fluoxetine, approximately 65% of the administered dose of radioactivity is recovered in urine and about 15% in feces. Fluoxetine, given as a single dose or in multiple doses over 8 days, did not produce significant effects on the plasma disappearance of warfarin, diazepam, tolbutamide, or chlorothiazide. Coadministration of fluoxetine and ethanol did not result in an increase from control values in the blood ethanol levels, nor did it produce significant changes in physiologic, psychometric, or psychomotor activity. Pharmacokinetics of fluoxetine in the elderly and normal volunteers appear to be similar. In addition, pharmacokinetic analyses in patients with varying degrees of renal impairment did not show significant differences from healthy subjects.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Antidepressive Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antidepressive Agents / metabolism
  • Antidepressive Agents / pharmacology
  • Blood Platelets / drug effects
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism
  • Blood Proteins / metabolism
  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Chlorothiazide / blood
  • Diazepam / blood
  • Fasting
  • Fluoxetine / administration & dosage
  • Fluoxetine / metabolism
  • Fluoxetine / pharmacology*
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Absorption
  • Kinetics
  • Propylamines / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Serotonin / metabolism*
  • Tolbutamide / blood


  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Blood Proteins
  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Propylamines
  • Fluoxetine
  • Serotonin
  • Chlorothiazide
  • Tolbutamide
  • Diazepam