Long-Term Outcomes of Wrist Arthroplasty Using the ReMotion™ Implant in Non-inflammatory Wrist Pathology

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol. 2024 Jun;29(3):200-210. doi: 10.1142/S2424835524500218. Epub 2024 May 10.

Abstract

Background: Wrist arthroplasty is increasingly offered to patients with symptomatic wrist arthritis as an alternative to wrist arthrodesis. The purpose of this study was to present our outcomes with the ReMotion™ wrist arthroplasty in a consecutive series of patients with wrist arthritis from non-inflammatory conditions. Methods: Thirteen (eight women, nine dominant wrists) patients, 68 (44-85) years of age with advanced radiocarpal arthritis due to SLAC/SNAC (11) and Kienbock disease (2) had a ReMotion™ (Stryker, Michigan, USA) wrist arthroplasty implanted, and were prospectively followed for 7 (4-9) years. The outcome measures included patient-rated wrist and hand evaluation (PRWHE) score, disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand questionnaire (QuickDASH) score, visual analogue pain score (0-10) on the radial and ulnar aspect of the wrist at rest (VASrR/VASuR) and activity (VASrA/VASuA), active wrist range of motion (AROM) including flexion, extension, ulnar and radial deviation, pronation and supination and grip and key-pinch strength measured preoperatively and at yearly follow-ups by independent hand therapists. Results: Six patients had ten re-operations during the follow-up including four revisions to a new arthroplasty. Four were considered loose at follow-up. A significant reduction in PRWHE (63 to 12), radial pain at activity (6 to 1) and increased pronation (85° v 90°) was observed. Conclusions: We found a high complication and reoperation rate, two out of 13 had no complications or reoperations. The ReMotion™ arthroplasty should be used with caution in non-inflammatory wrist patients and the patients followed closely. A high reoperation and revision rate can be expected, and surgeons familiar with revision arthroplasty procedures should perform the surgery. Level of Evidence: Level II (Therapeutic).

Keywords: Implant; Loosening; Non-rheumatoid; Osteoarthritis; Osteolysis; ReMotion; Revision; Wrist arthroplasty.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthritis / surgery
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / adverse effects
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / instrumentation
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / methods
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Female
  • Hand Strength
  • Humans
  • Joint Prosthesis* / adverse effects
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Measurement
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Wrist Joint* / surgery