Harefuah. 2024 May;163(5):315-320.
[Article in Hebrew]


Eyelid blepharoplasty, including lower eyelid blepharoplasty, are among the most common aesthetic surgeries recently performed. In contrast to upper eyelid blepharoplasty, lower eyelid blepharoplasty is a surgery with mostly an aesthetic indication, in which patients bear all associated costs, and their expectations rise accordingly. Nevertheless, the complexity of the anatomy, the differences in the aging processes of the face and eyelids between patients, the diversity of surgical methods, and the expectations gap make the surgery more challenging in comparison to upper eyelid blepharoplasty. A comprehensive understanding of the eyelid anatomy and the surrounding tissues, as well as matching expectations alongside with thorough preoperative evaluation, are all essential for providing a more personal adjustment of the surgical method and avoiding complications and mental distress for both patients and surgeons. This article briefly reviews the anatomy and aging processes of the lower eyelids, the main surgical approaches, and their common complications. Moreover, we present a framework for how such complications can be avoided.

Publication types

  • Review
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology
  • Blepharoplasty* / methods
  • Eyelids* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control