Effect of cattle and horse feces storage methods on Nematode egg viability and sensitivity for egg hatch test

Exp Parasitol. 2024 Jul:262:108769. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2024.108769. Epub 2024 May 10.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to validate methods of stool sample conservation for the egg hatch test (EHT). This study involved the use of a bovine naturally infected predominantly by Cooperia spp. and one equine naturally infected predominantly by cyathostomins characterized as susceptible to benzimidazoles in the EHT. Fecal samples were submitted to three treatments: aerobic methods (anaerobic storage in plastic bottles, anaerobic storage in vacuum-sealed bags or aerobic storage in plastic bags), under two temperature conditions (room temperature and refrigeration) analyzed at four different assessment times (48, 72, 96 and 120 h). As the standard test, an assay was also performed within 3 h. The tests were performed in triplicate for each drug concentration and with three experimental repetitions at one-week intervals. Two criteria were used for the storage methods: hatchability in the negative control group and sensitivity of the eggs to thiabendazole, comparing the EC50 and 95% confidence interval for each treatment to those of the standard test and the other repetitions. Bovine samples can be stored for up to 96 h and refrigerated vacuum storage can be used, ensuring hatchability of the negative control and sensitivity of the eggs to thiabendazole. For equine samples, no forms of storage were indicated due to the variation among the repetitions and the reduction in the sensitivity of the eggs to thiabendazole, which could result in a false positive detection of resistance.

Keywords: Anaerobiosis; Feces; In vitro, sensitivity; Refrigeration.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anthelmintics / pharmacology
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cattle Diseases / parasitology
  • Feces* / parasitology
  • Horses / parasitology
  • Nematoda / drug effects
  • Nematoda / isolation & purification
  • Ovum* / drug effects
  • Parasite Egg Count / methods
  • Parasite Egg Count / veterinary
  • Specimen Handling / methods
  • Specimen Handling / veterinary
  • Temperature
  • Thiabendazole / pharmacology

Substances

  • Thiabendazole
  • Anthelmintics