Nutrition markers and discharge outcome in deep and lobar intracerebral hemorrhage

Eur Stroke J. 2024 May 13:23969873241253048. doi: 10.1177/23969873241253048. Online ahead of print.


Introduction: Malnutrition is common in stroke patients and has been associated with poor functional outcomes and increased mortality after stroke. Previous research on nutrition status and post-intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) outcomes, however, is limited and conflicting.

Patients and methods: Monocenter study of patients with spontaneous deep or lobar ICH from a longitudinal cohort enrolling consecutive patients between 1994 and 2022. Nutrition status was assessed using admission body mass index (BMI), albumin, total bilirubin, cholesterol, c-reactive protein, hemoglobin a1c, high-density lipoprotein, hemoglobin, low-density lipoprotein, mean corpuscular volume, alanine transaminase, and triglycerides. Main outcome was favorable discharge outcome (mRS 0-2). Multivariable logistic regression was conducted with adjustment for baseline differences.

Results: Among 2170 patients, 1152 had deep and 1018 had lobar ICH. Overweight BMI was associated with higher odds of favorable discharge outcome in all (aOR = 3.01, 95% CI 1.59-5.69, p = 0.001) and lobar (aOR = 3.26, 95% CI 1.32-8.08, p = 0.011) ICH after adjustment for baseline differences. This association did not reach statistical significance in deep (aOR = 2.77, 95% CI 0.99-7.72, p = 0.052) ICH. No lab values were associated with functional outcome in all, deep, or lobar ICH after adjustment.

Discussion and conclusion: Overweight BMI was associated with favorable discharge status after ICH. These findings could inform future studies to determine whether overweight BMI has a protective effect in ICH patients.

Keywords: Intracerebral hemorrhage; body mass index; hemoglobin; nutrition.