The gut microbiome modulates the impact of Anaerobutyricum soehngenii supplementation on glucose homeostasis in mice

Res Sq [Preprint]. 2024 May doi: 10.21203/


Background: There is growing interest in the development of next-generation probiotics to prevent or treat metabolic syndrome. Previous studies suggested that Anaerobutyricum soehngenii may represent a promising probiotic candidate. A recent human study showed that while A. soehngenii supplementation is well tolerated and safe, it resulted in variable responses among individuals with a subset of the subjects significantly benefiting from the treatment. We hypothesized that gut microbiome variation is linked to the heterogeneous responses to A. soehngenii treatment observed in humans.

Results: We colonized germ-free mice with fecal microbiota from human subjects that responded to A. soehngenii treatment (R65 and R55) and non-responder subjects (N96 and N40). Colonized mice were fed a high-fat diet (45% kcal from fat) to induce insulin resistance, and orally treated with either live A. soehngenii culture or heat-killed culture. We found that R65-colonized mice received a benefit in glycemic control with live A. soehngenii treatment while mice colonized with microbiota from the other donors did not. The glucose homeostasis improvements observed in R65-colonized mice were positively correlated with levels of cecal propionate, an association that was reversed in N40-colonized mice. To test whether the microbiome modulates the effects of propionate, R65- or N40-colonized mice were treated with tripropionin (TP, glycerol tripropionate), a pro-drug of propionate, or glycerol (control). TP supplementation showed a similar response pattern as that observed in live A. soehngenii treatment, suggesting that propionate may mediate the effects of A. soehngenii. We also found that TP supplementation to conventional mice reduces adiposity, improves glycemic control, and reduces plasma insulin compared to control animals supplemented with glycerol.

Conclusions: These findings highlight the importance of the microbiome on glycemic control and underscore the need to better understand personal microbiome-by-therapeutic interactions to develop more effective treatment strategies.

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  • Preprint