Dietary anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial medicinal plants and its compounds in bovine mastitis associated impact on human life

Microb Pathog. 2024 Jul:192:106687. doi: 10.1016/j.micpath.2024.106687. Epub 2024 May 13.


Bovine mastitis (BM) is the most common bacterial mediated inflammatory disease in the dairy cattle that causes huge economic loss to the dairy industry due to decreased milk quality and quantity. Milk is the essential food in the human diet, and rich in crucial nutrients that helps in lowering the risk of diseases like hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The main causative agents of the disease include various gram negative, and positive bacteria, along with other risk factors such as udder shape, age, genetic, and environmental factors also contributes much for the disease. Currently, antibiotics, immunotherapy, probiotics, dry cow, and lactation therapy are commonly recommended for BM. However, these treatments can only decrease the rise of new cases but can't eliminate the causative agents, and they also exhibit several limitations. Hence, there is an urgent need of a potential source that can generate a typical and ideal treatment to overcome the limitations and eliminate the pathogens. Among the various sources, medicinal plants and its derived products always play a significant role in drug discovery against several diseases. In addition, they are also known for its low toxicity and minimum resistance features. Therefore, plants and its compounds that possess anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties can serve better in bovine mastitis. In addition, the plants that are serving as a food source and possessing pharmacological properties can act even better in bovine mastitis. Hence, in this evidence-based study, we particularly review the dietary medicinal plants and derived products that are proven for anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects. Moreover, the role of each dietary plant and its compounds along with possible role in the management of bovine mastitis are delineated. In this way, this article serves as a standalone source for the researchers working in this area to help in the management of BM.

Keywords: Antibiotic resistance; Bacteria; Cattle; Feed; Inflammation; Mastitis; Phytocompounds; Plant extract.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents* / pharmacology
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents* / pharmacology
  • Cattle
  • Diet / veterinary
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mastitis, Bovine* / drug therapy
  • Mastitis, Bovine* / microbiology
  • Mastitis, Bovine* / prevention & control
  • Milk
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Plants, Medicinal* / chemistry


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Plant Extracts