Single-cell technologies in psoriasis

Clin Immunol. 2024 Jul:264:110242. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2024.110242. Epub 2024 May 13.

Abstract

Psoriasis is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disorder. The primary manifestation of psoriasis arises from disturbances in the cutaneous immune microenvironment, but the specific functions of the cellular components within this microenvironment remain unknown. Recent advancements in single-cell technologies have enabled the detection of multi-omics at the level of individual cells, including single-cell transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome, which have been successfully applied in studying autoimmune diseases, and other pathologies. These techniques allow the identification of heterogeneous cell clusters and their varying contributions to disease development. Considering the immunological traits of psoriasis, an in-depth exploration of immune cells and their interactions with cutaneous parenchymal cells can markedly advance our comprehension of the mechanisms underlying the onset and recurrence of psoriasis. In this comprehensive review, we present an overview of recent applications of single-cell technologies in psoriasis, aiming to improve our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of this disorder.

Keywords: Immune cell; Immune microenvironment; Multi-omics; Pathogenesis; Psoriasis; Single-cell.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Psoriasis* / immunology
  • Single-Cell Analysis* / methods
  • Skin / immunology
  • Skin / pathology
  • Transcriptome